Technical clothing for excursions.
By Antonio Gallo Galimi,
When you go to the woods and mountains, just follow a few essential rules to enjoy the outdoors without problems.
Let’s start with what my grandfather always told me, when I complained about the cold or the rain: NO BAD WEATHER, BUT JUST BAD GEAR! (it’s not the weather that’s wrong, it’s the clothing!).
We all know that you have to dress in layers, also called onion.
But what do these layers consist of ?!
– 1) Layer in contact with the skin, must remove sweat from the skin, maintain temperature (thermoregulation) and be comfortable in all climates.
Merino wool is the best choice and it’s also eco-friendly!
T-shirt, boxer shorts and socks, merino wool.
– 2) Thermal layer, which retains heat and transpires.
Fleece is by far the most common and economical solution.
A wool sweater is also fine, even if it is heavier and more bulky.
Both also work wet …
-3) Protective layer : it does not let wind, rain, snow through, but it transpires.
In the jargon it is called “shell” (Shell), it can be soft (softshell) or hard (hardshell).
The softshell is generally elastic, windproof, water repellent (if it rains you get wet)
warm (if it has a fleece interior). It is the most multifaceted garment, the one that is always on.
The hardshell is waterproof (completely), windproof and breathable.
It can be in Gore-Tex (Pro, Paclite, Active) or one of the other “membranes” on the market (NeoShell, Event, Sympatex, Toray, Hy-Vent, Future Light) …
An economical solution remains the classic Poncho.
-4) Additional insulating layer: a synthetic fiber garment is definitely more suitable for our climate (
ClimaShild Apex, Primaloft or Polartec) excellent solution a Swangman, which in case of emergency, also becomes a sleeping bag, which also works wet, excellent for windy stops on top of the Catria.
-5) Pants: Comfortable, flexible and sturdy. In stretch cotton or mixed fibers, they can be waxed, dry quickly, have functional pockets, protect against ticks in summer and with tights they are also perfect in winter.
For girls, synthetic leggings are excellent. Strong and light. https://www.tacticalbeard.shop/pantaloni-pantaloncini/
We add a hat, sturdy gloves, a collar (excellent cylindrical and elastic ones that also become a hood) and a shemag. A wool cap and boiled wool gloves are affordable and keep the heat even when wet …
The shoes for the winter season are, together with the socks, the garment that must be chosen with more care and in which to invest more, because with blisters and wet feet you feel miserable and you don’t even appreciate the most suggestive landscape!
The hiking boot must be: comfortable, waterproof and protect the ankle.
The summer shoe, for those who use them usually can be minimalist (vibram fivefingers or similar).
A pair of gaiters are comfortable in snow or mud.
A sturdy backpack is useful when hiking, since everyone brings their own food etc … A 30/40 liter backpack is more than enough, as long as it has: sturdy and water-repellent fabric, rigid and well-ventilated backrest, comfortable shoulder straps and belt.
In the backpack it is good to always have: water bottle, snacks, emergency blanket, first aid kit, fire kit, lanyards and a knife (always better to have it in your pants)